In recent years we were fighting with the definition and what actually we understand talking about Global Education. In Italy we generally translate this term with 3 main practices: intercultura, global citizenship and active citizenship or civic education.
If we generally mean the concept of Global Education as “education for global citizenship” we are trying to put in place activities in schools concerning mostly with recycling, respect to the environment and suitability.
On the other hand, in Italy we are talking about “intercultural education” or Intercultura, phenomenon and the increase of the foreign presence in schools.
Active citizenship means the participation of citizens in the civil life of the country, honoring intended as a reflection on the multicultural society, urged by the emergence of the migratory their duties, knowing and demanding their own rights and those of others. The 3 key world are: information, expression and action. Similar can be defined also the part of civic education: in-depth knowledge of the rights and duties of citizens, of national and community institutions, of the main norms that regulate social life in a community.
Legislative context and Actors in Italy:
The first framework is the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, approved by the UN General Assembly in 2015, as an international reference with specific objectives not only for Italy but for more of the European countries.
Moving to a European level we find the European Consensus on Development document as a framework for the sharing knowledge.
Last but not least, to a national level, the Law 125/2014 referring to development education in art. 1.4:
“the promotion of education, awareness and participation of all citizens to international solidarity, international cooperation and Sustainable Development”.
The actors interested top contribute to the development of the this topic are NGOs, Italian Regions, and autonomous municipalities, MAECI, MIUR, CRUI under ministry of Education and Universities.
GE in Youth Sector
The objectives of Global Education are appreciated and transmitted above all at the level of social and cultural associations or through the media in Italy.
NGOs and organizations representing the civil society such as: o National Youth Council of Italy The Forum Nazionale dei giovani (FNG), instituted with the Law n. 311 of 30 December 2004, is the unique national network of youth Italian organizations and represents 4 million youths.
The Forum Nazionale dei Giovani – FNG is a candidate-member of European Youth Forum (YFJ).
Other institutionalized organization in Italy to represent youth and to keep activities on Global Education are:
- Legambiente (League for the Environment) is “the most widespread environmental organization in Italy, with 20 Regional branches and more than 115,000 members. It is acknowledged as “association of environmental interest” by the Ministry of the Environment; it represents the UNEP National Committee for Italy, it is one of the leading member of EEB (“European Environmental Bureau”) the Federation of European environmental organization, and of IUCN – the World Conservation Union”. (http://www.legambiente.it/legambiente/aboutlegambiente).
- WWF is an international independent conservation organization, which addresses issues from the survival of species and habitats to climate change, sustainable business and environmental education. WWF Italy addresses global threats to people and nature such as climate change, the peril to endangered species and habitats and the unsustainable consumptions of the world’s natural resources (https://www.wwf.it/client/render.aspx?content=0&root=6272).
- The Center Information and development education (Centro informazione e Educazione allo sviluppo) – CIES (http://www.cies.it/index.php?option=com_content&view=frontpage&Itemid=1) is a ‘non-governmental organization (NGO) that aims to promote the values of social solidarity and cooperation, both in its activities in national and international ones. In particular, it promotes In Italy, the value of interculturalism to favour the positive integration of migrants.
The MAECI, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and of the International cooperation position expressed in the three-year planning document, in the field of higher education, has supported the University Coordination for Development Cooperation since 2007 (CUCS) which today unites over 30 Italian universities, some of which have developed ECG experiences at every level of high education, through seminars, courses or courses of study courses that are transversal to the disciplines and often based on training methods on projects in partnership with civil, governmental or private subjects.
In the youth sector, starting from 2014, the National Youth Agency (ANG) supports the Key Action (KA 1) of the Erasmus + program which promotes the mobility of young people as a tool for active participation, social inclusion and the promotion of citizenship European Union, multilingualism and acquisition of skills and knowledge. The achievable activities are: youth exchanges, Voluntary Service European, mobility of youth workers.
The basic need expressed in this sector is to fight against stereotypes and prejudices, populism and radicalism. Need to overcome a nationalistic conception of citizenship education. ECG as an alternative that allows to consider citizenship as a central conceptual category and explanatory of a sense of belonging to political communities a different levels (local, national, regional and global).
The Agency also promotes Key Action 205 – Strategic Partnerships, dedicated to the comparison and networking of good practices as well as the possibility of presenting projects aimed at innovation or experimentation with practices, models and educational approaches.
Finally, it promotes the Youthpass tool for the recognition of transversal competences gained also in the field of non formal education.
ECG as an educational approach that promotes social justice and democratic principles in an increasingly interconnected world e characterized by multiple identities, realities and political affiliations, cultural and social Need to increase well-being in cohabitation here and elsewhere in the world according to the No-one principle left behind
This sector is very well connected to the civil society interdependence activities.
GE Best Practices
Intercultural Library: Biblioteca Interculturale Cittadini del Mondo
The cultural heritage of each person, be it Italian or foreign, must be cultivated and never forgotten, therefore reading books in their own language and finding materials belonging to their culture of origin are essential values.
The aim is to make it a place of exchange and mutual knowledge between Italians and foreigners, in which we can practice practical coexistence and integration based on common respect, without prejudicial identity closures.
By upgrading local public libraries into “Libraries for All”, the symbolic cultural capital of the local migrant population would become an integral part of local public libraries. By serving the community as a whole, the libraries sought to enhance into local contact points for implementing common European integration strategies.
The basis of the project is the idea that the Library can become a place for mutual exchange and knowledge between Italians and migrants, in which they can practice practical coexistence based on mutual respect. For this reason, alongside the classic books and DVD lending activities, a series of activities are planned aimed at promoting knowledge of migratory situations, encouraging the meeting between the different foreign communities and facilitating their inclusion in the social and cultural life of the territory.
The more than 40,000 foreigners residing in Pistoia have strongly influenced and created the foundations for a multicultural city, with opportunities for sharing and integration. However, citizenship remains generally unaware of the current intercultural situation of the territory on the migratory phenomenon and consequently creates few moments of sharing and dialogue between the different communities.
The lack of aggregative and educational places such as to improve the knowledge of the cultures of our territory negatively affects the enhancement of the different cultures present on a city with such a strong foreign presence.
In order to create a place of synergy and cultural aggregation and mutual knowledge, the San Giorgio Library lends itself to create a series of moments of dialogue and workshops of interculture with a strong socio-cultural impact. The preparation of library materials in the original language and the addition of the training of volunteers (especially women) from the Albanian community, with tools that can animate and organize these meetings improves the network between associations, organizations and individuals.
An important collaboration has been established with and participation in activities for the Romanian community. The Evrika association, a collaborative part of the project, chose the material, and through the local network in Romania, was able to purchase the books, which were then transported and donated to the San Giorgio Library.
The collaboration has gone further, with the participation in events organizations from both associations on the occasion of national holidays.